Nach Yomi for Avraham

A worldwide project aimed at developing beki'ut in Tanach, inspired by, and as zechut for, R' Avraham Norin (Avraham Dov ben Golda)

Sunday, April 30, 2006

Shoftim Chapter 9- 3 Iyyar- (Monday May 1)

Shoftim - Chapter 9 with Rashi (English)

Audio of R’ Yosef Gavriel Bechofer on Avimelech
Part I: Real Stream/MP3 Download/MP3 Split
Part II: Real Stream/MP3 Download/MP3 Split
R' Michael Hattin on Avimelech
Audio of R’Eric Levy :
Shoftim Ch. 9: Avimelech and the Secret of Schem
Shoftim Ch. 9: Avimelech and Gidon: Thesis and Antithesis
R'Menachem LEibtag on "Between Gideon and Avimelech"

Shoftim Chapter 8-2 Iyyar (Sunday April 30)

Shoftim - Chapter 8 with Rashi (English)

In the aftermath of victory, Gidon and his army pursue Zevach and Tzalmuna, kings of Midyan, to the east bank of the Jordan, and appeal for support from the inhabitants of Sukkos and Pnuel, who refuse him.
After defeating Zevach and Tzalmuna, he administered harsh punishemnts to the leaders of Sukkos and Pnuel.
Gidon is offered the criwn, but turns it down. Instead, he collects gold from the spoils, and uses it construct an Eifod, which he leaves in the city of Ofrah, and becomes a snare for Gidon's household (apparently, in some idolatrous sense.)
After Gidon's death, Bnei Yisrael become involved with the worship of Baal.

Shoftim Ch. 8: Civil War Avoided - Civil War Joined
Shoftim Ch. 8: Kingship or Priesthood, Efod or Terafim
Gideon: Church and State Combined

Friday, April 28, 2006

Shoftim song

Click here to hear a Hebrew song to help memorize all the Shoftim! (During Sefirah, please note that this link does include instrumental music and proceed accordingly.)

Shoftim Chapter 7 - Rosh Chodesh Iyyar- (Shabbos April 29)

Shoftim - Chapter 7 with Rashi (English)
(prepared by Rivky Krestt)
Gideon furthers his message as a messenger of God defending the faith through his famous “water test.” (No we aren’t talking about 17th century Salem, Massachusetts!)  With a small army, Gideon attacks Midian at night and confuses the enemy to win the conflict.


Points to ponder:

  1. Why message is sent when the Navi chooses to call Gideon “Yerubaal”?

  2. Why are there too many people?  Isn’t it good to have a large army to win a war?

  3. Why does Gideon need a dream to give him confidence?

Thursday, April 27, 2006

Shoftim Chapter 6- 30 Nissan, Alef de-Rosh Chodesh Iyyar (28 April)

Monday, April 24, 2006

Shoftim Chapter 5 - 29 Nissan- (Thursday April 27)

Shoftim Chapter 5 with Rashi (English)

Shirat Devorah: The song is praising God and emphasizing his role beyond what happened. So far we have seen the cycle and we know that God is involved but we don’t know to what extent.

Points to Ponder on ה פרק :

  • Where else do we have a shir?

  • Why is something out of the ordinary here?

  • What is this shir telling us?

  • What are the two sections? (1-13 and 14-21)

  • What are the topics of the two sections

(prepared by Rivky Krestt)

R’ Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer on Shiras Devora, part I: Real Stream/MP3 Download/MP3 Split
And Part II:
Real Stream/MP3 Download/MP3 Split
Exploring the concept of Yael’s "Aveirah lishmah"
R'Yehuda Shaviv on the link between song and war (Hebrew)
Mrs. Leah Kohn on Yael and Yehudis Part I and Part II

Shoftim Chapter 4- Nissan 28 (Wednesday April 26)

Shoftim Chapter 4 with Rashi (English)
Devorah tells Barak to wage war. Barak won’t go without her. Barak wages against Sisra who gets confused and runs to Hever HaKeini (with whom he has a treaty) to save him. Ya’el invites him in and kills him. Thus the war is won!
(prepared by Rivky Krestt)

The character of Devorah as Judge and Prophetess by Mrs.Leah Kohn Part I  and Part II
R'Yehuda Eisenberg on Devora and Sisera
Audio of R’ Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer on Devorah: Real Stream/MP3 Download/MP3 Split
R’Michael Hattin on Chapter 4 Part I and Part II
Listen to the perek as leined  by R 'Jeremy Wieder

Shoftim chapter 3- 27 Nissan (Tuesday April 25)

Shoftim - Chapter 3 with Rashi (English)
Three shoftim – and the ensuing cycle – are highlighted in these perek:
  1. Otniel is from shevet Yehuda. He is a transitional “shofet.” Fought with Aram Naharaim. This war is idiosyncratic – the tables are turned Aram comes down to fight them! First he judged Israel and then he went out to war. On one hand the sefer gives some details, on the other it combines the judging with the war.

Points to Ponder on Otniel:

  • Compare to Devarim 25:18 about the attack from

  • Why did Otniel judge before he went out to war?

  • Why is this story so short? To emphasize the start of the cycle?

  • How long did he rule

  • Ehud is from shevet Binyamin. The national nemesis was Eglon. Ehud took initiative! He was chosen to bring an offering and changed it to a rebellion himself.

Important Trivia:

  • Ehud appealed to Eglon’s belief in God!!!

  • Ehud was left handed

  • Ehud invented a double edged sword.

  • Eglon was fat

  • Shamgar.
Not much can be said about Shamgar, other than his length of rule. Anat – can be a male of female name.

Points to Ponder on פרק ג:

Are there any patterns emerging?
How long did each shofet rule?
Which shevet is each shofet from
(prepared by Rivky Krestt)

Audio of R’ Yosef Gavril Bechhofer on Eglon and Ehud: Real Stream/MP3 Download/MP3 Split
R'Michael Hattin on Ehud
An academic article with a new explanation for the name "ben Anas"
Games for teaching Sefer Shoftim and the story of Ehud, by Josh Skarf

Sunday, April 23, 2006

Shoftim chapter 2 - 26 Nissan (Monday April 24)

(prepared by Rivky Krestt)
This perek begins with a second (transitional) introduction to the sefer – completing the second section. A Malach appears to Israel to deliver the message that Israel receives before they settle the land: “Keep the Torah or you will be driven out of the land of Israel.”

Section two begins with the death of the original generation of settler, including Yehoshua. Bnei Yisrael are left without a designated ruler for the first time in their history. The infamous “cycle” is introduced at this point; how Bnei Yisrael dealt with the uncertainty that must have followed Yehoshua’s death.

The cycle is as follows:
An Enemy is sent => They cry out to God => A savior is sent => This person delivers them to a state of quiet and Bnei Yisrael live peacefully for a (variable) amount of time.

R' Menachem Leibtag on The Introduction and 'Cycle'
Identifying the mysterious Messenger of Hashem in our Perek (Hebrew)
R' Michael Hattin on chapter 2
Streaming audio of R' Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer on Chapter 2

Points to Ponder:

  1. Why are there two introductions – perek aleph and perek bet – to the sefer?

  2. How do these introductions shape our conception of the era of Shoftim?

  3. Why do you think the malach’s identity remains anonymous?

  4. Why should Israel not make treaties with the nations around them?

  5. Why is this the final message given to the people before they go settle their different portions of land?

Saturday, April 22, 2006

Shoftim Chapter 1- 25 Nissan (Sunday April 23)

Shoftim - Chapter 1 with Rashi (English)
Shoftim begins after the death of Yehoshua. Sefer Yehoshua ended on a high note; Yehoshua blesses the nation and the bones of Yosef are finally buried. In contrast to this, Shoftim begins by highlighting all that was not accomplished during Yehoshua’s time. A detailed list recounts all that shevet Yehuda conqered: “horish” and all that the rest of the tribes had not conquered: “lo horish.”

Points to Ponder at the Beginning of Perek Aleph:
  1. What message is the navi trying to emphasize by starting this way?

  2. What do we learn about the relationship between the shevatim at the outset of the book?

  3. Why is Yehuda’s successful campaign highlighted so blatantly? How does this tie into the overall themes of Sefer Shoftim?

There are three sections to Sefer Shoftim:
2:6- 16
16 – 21
(prepared by Rivky Krestt)

Streaming audio of R' Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer on the failure to conquer

R'Michael Hattin on Shoftim chapter 1-part 1
R' Michael Hattin part 2

Friday, April 21, 2006

Some words from our sponsor, and resources for Sefer Shoftim

We hope that you have found the learning of Yehoshua meaningful!
We would like to encourage everyone to use the comments on the blog to help stimulate discussion.
Also, we are trying to figure out how many people are doing Nach Yomi. Please leave us a comment if you are still with us, and what you would like to see on the site.

This Sunday begins our study of Sefer Shoftim
Here are some general resources:

And just a review of the Shoftim schedule:

April 23: Shoftim 1April 24: Shoftim 2April 25: Shoftim 3April 26: Shoftim 4April 27: Shoftim 5April 28: Shoftim 6 (Rosh Chodesh Iyyar)April 29: Shoftim 7 (Shabbos/Rosh Chodesh Iyyar)April 30: Shoftim 8May 1: Shoftim 9May 2: Shoftim 10May 3: Shoftim 11 (Yom haAtzmaut)May 4: Shoftim 12May 5: Shoftim 13May 6: Shoftim 14 (Shabbos)May 7: Shoftim 15May 8: Shoftim 16May 9: Shoftim 17May 10: Shoftim 18May 11: Shoftim 19May 12: Shoftim 20 (Pesach Sheni)May 13: Shoftim 21 (Shabbos)

Yehoshua Chapter 24- Nissan 24- (Shabbos April 22)

Yehoshua - Chapter 24 with Rashi (English)

Yehoshua assembles the nation in Shechem, and recounts Jewish history, beginning with Hashem choosing Avraham and bringing him into Eretz Canaan, and continuing through slavery in Egypt, the exodus, the splitting of the Red Sea, the battles on the East Bank, the struggle with Balak and the conquest of Canaan. He then challenges them to accept Hashem as their God and to reject idolatry. The nation pledges their faith to Hashem, and Yehoshua makes a new covenant with them.  In an intriguing passage, we are told that he  gives them “chok u-mishpat” (24:25) , writes this down ”in the book of the Torah of Elokim,” (see Abravanel for a number of  options)  and erects  a great stone under the alah (see Rashi for two opinions).
Yehoshua dies, and is buried in Timnas Serach, and we are told that Bnei Yisrael were loyal to the Torah during the entire time of the elders. We are told that Yosef’s bones were buried in Shechem, and that Elazar the Kohen Gadol dies and was buried in Givas Pinchas in Har Efrayim .  
Hadran alach Sefer Yehoshua!

Yehoshua Chapter 23- 21 Nissan Isru Chag-- ( Friday April 21)

Yehoshua - Chapter 23 with Rashi (English)

As Yehoshua grows old, he addresses the leadership of Bnei Yisrael.
He reiterates the wonders Hashem has done for them in the conquest of Eretz Yisrael,  and the need to be faithful to the Torah as a prerequisite for a full completion of the conquest and settling.

Analysis of Yehoshua's final addresses by R" Menachem Leibtag

Yehoshua Chapter 22- 22 Nissan Acharon shel PEsach/Isru Chag (Thrusday April 20)

Yehoshua Chapter 22 with Rashi (English)

The Tribes of Reuven, Gad and part of Menashe are charged by Yehoshua to take their land on the East Bank, as they had fulfilled their part of the agreement made with Moshe to join Bnei Yisrael in the conquest of the Land, but to be careful to be faithful to the Torah.He blessed them and they departed.
Word filters back to Bnei Yisrael that the eastern tribes had constructed a mizbeach, which caused consternation.  Pinchas was sent with a delegation of nesi’im (princes)  to rebuke them . The Eastern tribes respons that the latar was not designed for sacrifice, but as a monument designed to serve as a reminder of the ongoing relationship between the Eastern and Western tribes., which pacifies the delegation and averts the threat of civil war.


R' Menachem Leibtag on the Mizbayach of Bnei Gad and Reuven
R' Yehuda Eisenberg on the Mizbeach on the East Bank (Hebrew)

Sunday, April 16, 2006

Yehoshua Chapter 21- 21 Nissan --Shevi'i shel Pesach (Wednesday April 18)

Yehoshua chapter 21 and Rashi (English)

The heads of the Leviim approach Yehoshua, Elazar and the tribal leaders and ask for the cities promised to them by Moshe. The apportioning of these cities follows.
The chapter concludes by affirming that Hashem made good on all his promises to Israel regarding the conquest.

R' Menachem Leibtag on the role of Levi in Eretz Yisrael
Were the cities of the Leviim walled?
Map of the distribution of the Arei haLeviim among the tribes (Hebrew)

Yehoshua Chapter 20- 20 Nissan --Chol haMoed Pesach (Tuesday April 18)

Yehoshua chapter 20 and Rashi (English)
Yehoshua designates six cities—Kedesh in the Galil, Shechem in Efrayim, Kiryat Arba/Chevron in Yehuda, and on the East Bank, Betzer, Ramot and Golan—as Arei Miklat (cities of refuge.)

Why are there an equal number of Arei Miklat on the East Bank of the Jordan?
Map of the Arei Miklat (Hebrew)

Yehoshua Chapter 19- 19 Nissan --Chol haMoed Pesach (Monday April 17)

Text of Yehoshua 19 with Rashi (English)

The territories of Shimon, Zevulun, Yissachar, Asher, Naftali, and Dan are described.
Yehoshua is given the city of Timnas Serach as his personal inheritance.

R' Menachem Leibtag on the blessings Moshe gave to tribes, and how they relate to their territories in Eretz Yisrael
Nechama Leibowitz zt'l on the blessing of Yissachar (including its connection to his territory)

Yehoshua Chapter 18- 18 Nissan --Chol haMoed Pesach (Sunday April 16)

Text of Yehoshua 18 with Rashi (English)

The Mishkan (tabernacle) is set up in Shilo. The remaining seven tribes come to Yehoshua, who criticizes them for not having been more active in the settling of their territory. The land is divided by lot.
The territory of Binyamin is detailed.

R' Menachem Leibtag, pointing out amazing siginificance under the semingly mundane description of the territory of Binyamin.
The significance of Shilo (Hebrew)
What is the halakhic nature of the sanctity of Shilo?
Artist's rendering of Mishkan Shilo. Note the stone walls and cloth hangings.

Note: Today is the yahrtzeit of the Rav zt'l, zechuso yagen aleinu.

Tuesday, April 11, 2006

Yehoshua Chapter 17- 17 Nissan Shabbos Chol haMoed (15 April)

Yehoshua - Chapter 17 with Rashi (English)

The inheritance of the tribe of Menashe is described. The daughters of Tzelofchad  approach Yehoshua and Elazar the Kohen Gadol and ask for the land promised them in the Torah.
As the tribes of Yosef are large, they feel confined in their territory, and Yehoshua suggests that they expand into the forested areas.

(Ironically, the Zionist enterprise is served here by de-forestation! Did Ephraimite Bar Mitzvah boys get certificates that a tree had been cut down in their honor? (
Also, American readers will note the appropriateness of the word le-mas in 17:13 today!)

R' Alex Israel on the process of Nachala and the request for more land
R' Yaakov Medan on the prominence of the tribes of Yehudah and Yosef in the descriptions of the inheritances

Yehoshua Chapter 16- Second day of Pesach, 16 Nissan (Erev Shabbos, April 14)

Yehoshua - Chapter 16 with Rashi (English)

The territory of the tribe of  Efrayim is identified.

"Conquest of Har Efrayim" (Hebrew)

Yehoshua Chapter 15- Pesach, 15 Nissan (Thursday April 13)

Yehoshua - Chapter 15

We are told in great detail of the borders and cities allotted to the tribe of Yehuda (Judah).
Kalev conquers Chevron, and promises his daughter Achsa to whoever is able to conquer the city of Kiryas Sefer. He is taken up on this challenge by his brother Osniel, who then marries Achsa. In a somehwat obscuse story, Achas asks Kalev to give her springs of water, which he does.
The people of Yehuda were unable to conquer the city of Jerusalem, which remained in Jebusite hands.

Monday, April 10, 2006

Yehoshua Chapter 14- Erev Pesach, 14 Nissan (Wednesday April 12)

Yehoshua - Chapter 14- English text with Rashi

Eretz Yisrael west of the Jordan is divided among the remaining tribes by lots, administered by Yehoshua and Elazar the Kohen Gadol (HIgh Priest.)
Kalev approaches Yehoshua and asks for his portion of land, as a reward for his faithfulness as a meragel (spy) for Moshe, who had promised him the land that he had stood on. Yehoshua gives him the city of Chevron.

R' Yaakov Bieler on Kalev (including his connection to Chevron)

Yehoshua Chapter 13- 13 Nissan (Tuesday April11)

Yehoshua - Chapter 13- English text with Rashi

Yehoshua grows old, and is told by Hashem that the conquest of Eretz Yisrael is incomplete.
We are told in great detail of the apportionment of the East Bank of the Jordan to the tribes of Reuven, Gad and Menashe.

Links (These links are relevant for the next week’s chapters, which are fairly technical)
R' Menachem Leibtag on Chapters 13-19: The Nachala

Sunday, April 09, 2006

Yehoshua Chapter 12- 12 Nissan (Monday April 10)

Yehoshua - Chapter 12- English text with Rashi

This chapter lists the kings conquered by Israel as part of the process of kibush ha-Aretz (conquest of the Land). It begins with Sichon and Og, kings who lived on the eastern banks of the Yarden, who had been defeated by Moshe (underscoring Yehoshua’s role as Moshe’s successor), and then lists the 31 kings defeated by Yehoshu’a.

Where did the 31 kings reside? See R' Yosef Schwartz in the Tevuot haAretz!
Biography of R' Yosef Schwartz
Map of the 31 kings (Hebrew)

Friday, April 07, 2006

Yehoshua Chapter 11 - 11 Nissan (Sunday April 9)

Chapter 11
Yehoshua - Chapter 11- English text with Rashi

The Canaanite kings of the north led by Yavin, king of Chatzor, amass a great army to fight Israel, at Mei Merom.
On Hashem’s instructions, Yehoshua attacks first, wins decisively, and destroys their horses and chariots, and we are told briefly of many of the other victories of Yehoshua. It is emphasized that Yehoshua continues to prosecute the conquest of Canaan “as Hashem had commanded Moshe, ” and that Hashem hardened the hearts of the kings of Canaan so as to allow the conquest of Canaan to take place.

R' Menachem Liebtag on Chapters 11-12: Completing the Conquest

Yehoshua Chapter 10 - 10 Nissan- Shabbos haGadol (Shabbos April 8)

Yehoshua - Chapter 10- English text with Rashi

Adoni-Tzedek, the king of Jerusalem, forges a coalition to attack the Givonim for their treaty with Israel. The Givonim appeal to Yehoshua to protect them. In a stunning victory, the Jews defeat this coalition, aided by miracles, including a hail storm which kills many of the enemy.
Yehoshua utters a poetic prayer, asking Hashem to make the sun stop and extend the fighting time, which occurs.
All of the kings are pursued, killed and hanged until nightfall.
Many of the prominent cities in the south of Canaan are destroyed and conquered.

Kollel iyun haDaf on the Sun Standing Still
Explore the connection between Yehoshua’s miracles in this perek and his ancestor Yosef’s dream in this essay by R. Yitzchak Etshalom..

Yehoshua Chapter 9 - 9 Nissan (Friday April 7)

Yehoshua - Chapter 9- English text with Rashi

The nations of Canaan form an alliance against Israel.
However, the residents of Giv'on, on hearing of the fates of Jericho and the Ai, conspire to make peace with Israel by sending a delegation posing as travelers from far away. Yehoshua makes a peace pact with them.
Three days later, it becomes clear these people are, in fact, locals. The Jews honor the pact, even though it had been forged in deception, and they are made servants to the Mishkan (tabernacle).

R' Menachem Leibtag on Givonim

Halakhic standing of the treaty by R' Michael J. Broyde

Under what circumstance could peace be made with inhabitants of Canaan? Read R' Moshe Lichtenstein's analysis.
Discussion of the difficult mitzvah of eradicating the nations of Canaan can be found on Lookjed.

Note that there is no mention of a king of Givon,in contradistinction to the other nations (9:1), where we are told that ALLof the kings made common cause against Klal Yisrael.

a.) R' Yitzchak Abravanel suggests that this was a popular rebellion against their king, who was involved in the general Canaanite confederation against Israel.
b.) Perhaps they governed themselves differently, and without a king who had was trying to hold onto power, they were in a position to seek out a modus vivendi with Israel.

Thursday, April 06, 2006

Yehoshua Chapter 8 - 8 Nissan (Thursday April 6)

Yehoshua - Chapter 8- English text with Rashi

Hashem assures Yehoshua that they should not be afraid, and that He will now deliever Ai into their hands. Yehoshua takes all of the forces with him. He sends thirty thousand men to ambush the city from behind. The main fighting group, led by Yehoshua draw the attention of the king of Ai. When he and all of his men rush out to fight Yisrael, the troops retreat, drawing the fighting power of Ai away from the city, leaving it unprotected. The ambush troops capture the city, and the main troops turn around to fight the the men of Ai, who are now trapped between the troops of B'nai Yisrael on both sides. All of the population of Ai is killed, and the city is burnt down. The king is captured and brought to Yehoshua, and then hung. B'nai Yisrael are allowed to take some of the loot of the city, because Hashem had told Yehoshua earlier that they could do so.
Yehoshua builds a mizbeach (altar) on Har Eval, and inscribes a copy of the Torah there. All of B'nai Yisrael participates in a ceremony on Har Eval, and a neighboring mountain, Har Gerizim, "as was written in the Torah".

Wednesday, April 05, 2006

Yehoshua Chapter 7- 7 Nissan (Wednesday April 5)

Chapter 7
Yehoshua - Chapter 7- English text with Rashi

Achan, who was from shevet Yehuda (the tribe of Judah), secretly takes from the loot of Yericho. This angers Hashem considerably. Yehoshua sends out men to check out the city of Ai. They report that there is no need for all the troops to go there, but rather two or three thousand men would be sufficient. However, when three thousand troops approach Ai, they are turned back and pursued. Thirty-six of them are killed.
Yehoshua and the elders of Yisrael cry out to Hashem over this calamity. Hashem responds by telling Yehoshua that someone among Yisrael has sinned by taking forbidden loot and hiding it. He tells Yehoshua that He will not be with them to help them win battles until they get rid of the loot. The next day, before all of Yisrael, it is ascertained that Achan is the guilty one. When he admits to harboring the stolen property, it is retrieved, and burned. Achan is given the death penalty.

Rabbi Menachem Leibtag on Chapters 7-8: Achan and Ha'ai
An analysis of Achan's sin and Aleinu

Were Achan's children executed as well? Rashi, Radak, and Ralbag all say that they were not, although R'Yitzchak Abravanel entertains at least the possibility that they were.

Achan's confession seems to have echoes of the confessions of his ancestor Yehuda, and later of his relative Dovid. Is this a "Yehuda theme?

Sunday, April 02, 2006

Yehoshua Chapter 6- "The Walls Come Tumbling Down"- 6 Nissan (Tuesday April 4)

Yehoshua - Chapter 6- English text with Rashi

Hashem reassures Yehoshua that although Yericho (Jericho) seems impenetrable, they will be able to conquer it. Hashem tells Yehoshua what he should do. All the warriors, led by seven Kohanim (priests) with shofars, as well as the Aron (ark), should circle the walls of the city once a day for six days. On the seventh day they are to circle the city seven times, and the Kohanim are to blow the shofars. When the people hear the shofar blasts, they will give a mighty shout, the walls of the city will collapse, and the people will be able to enter Yericho. They follow this procedure, and capture Yericho.
All the property in Yericho is placed in cherem (meaning dedicated to G-d and destroyed--the people are not allowed to take any loot). Yehoshua is careful to warn the people not to harm Rachav, in order to fulfill the promise the spies made to protect her. Rachav and her family are taken to B'nai Yisrael's camp, and the city of Yericho is destroyed. Yehoshua declares that Yericho is not to be rebuilt, and that a curse will be on anyone who attempts to do so.

· What is the significance of the
shofar in the siege of Jericho?
R' Yisrael Rozen on the significance ofYericho in the thought of Chazal (Hebrew)

Points to ponder:
The Yerushalmi (Sukkah 4:3) connects the practice of hoshanos on Sukkos and the siege of Jericho.

What is the significance of this connection?
1) The Aruch laNer suggests that since Sukkot is a time of Hallel (praise for Hashem), and we have a general principle that Hallel is primarily for miracles in Eretz Yisrael, it is appropriate to celebrate the fall of Yericho on Sukkot as well.
It is interesting to note that in
Nechemyah 8:17, Yehoshua is seen as the last time Sukkot was properly celebrated, perhaps strengthening the sense of Sukkot as connected to the conquest of Eretz Yisrael (the connection between the Sukkos of Yehoshua and the Sukkos of Shivas Tzion, etc.) See also the Moreh Nevuchim 3:43 and Shu”t Chasam Sofer Orach Chayim 185.
2.)Alternatively, see the tefillah found in siddurim for recitation during chibut aravah, which talks about toppling the iron wall separating between us and Hashem.


Yehoshua chapter 5- 5 Nissan (Monday April 3)

Chapter 5
Yehoshua - Chapter 5- English text with Rashi
1-8:Yehoshua circumcises those who were born in the desert
9-11:The Jews camp in Gilgal, and perform a Korban Pesach (Passover sacrifice)
12:The end of the Man
13-15: Yehoshua encounters an angel-"the commander of G-d's army"

· An audio shi’ur on Yehoshua’s encounter with the angel by
Mrs. Shulamit Cohn. (Sources can be found here.)
· Role of
Korban Pesach in stories in Tanach by R’Yonatan Grossman
· Our Perek sheds light on the definition of when Sefiras haOmer begins in this essay by
R' Yitz Etshalom-part 1, and part 2.
Rabbi Menachem Leibtag on the role of the angel in the battle of Jericho

Meshech Chochma (Rav Meir Simcha of Dvinsk) writes that there was no obligation of offering the Korban Pesach until the conclusion of the conquest of ERetz Yisrael. However, Korban Pesach also is a symbol of rejection of Avodah Zarah, and hence two Pesachim were offered prior to the conclusion of kibush ve-nachalah, both of which represent part of a national teshuva from an incident of Avodah Zarah: in the second year in the desert, because of chet ha-eigel, and in our perek in atonement for Ba'al Pe'or, which had occurred in the months before.